Eachtra Journal

ISSN 2009-2237

A clachán at Moyveela 3, Co. Galway (E3907)

October, 2010 · Written by: Eachtra Print This Page This entry is part 19 of 23 in the Issue 08

Archaeological Excavation Report

Clachán

This report constitutes the final excavation report for a portion of a clachan excavated in the townland of Moyveela, Co. Galway. The site was excavated as part of the archaeological excavation programme in advance of construction for N18 Oranmore to Gort road scheme. The site was located within the lands acquired for the new road and was identified by field-walking during Phase 1 (E3723) investigations along the route. A survey of the entire clachan, including the area outside the lands acquired for the new road, identified sixteen buildings, and three of these were located within the lands acquired for the new road. The excavations revealed the presence of two more buildings – thus five in total were excavated within the lands acquired for the new road, along with other related features, including a bank, a trackway, a pavement and platforms. The total number of buildings identified within the clachan is 18 and this, based on the excavation results, can be viewed as a minimum number.

The five buildings and associated features excavated represents part of a larger pre-famine clachan settlement likely to have been constructed by a group of tenant farmers from the Moyveela Estate. The clachan was probably abandoned prior to the Great Famine of 1845–49 as it is not depicted on the Ordnance Survey first edition map.

Authors: Finn Delaney, Linda Hegarty & Allison McQueen

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